Since time immemorial Man has been fascinated by Mountains. Since the last few decades Mountaineering has undergone several transformations. Once upon a time it was all about climbing peaks. But then the focus shifted towards having expeditions to progressively explore difficult routes going up the trail to the summit point.
Mountaineering, or mountain climbing, is an adventure sport of trying to access the high points in mountainous areas, primarily for the delight and excitement of the climb. The sport involves extreme physical activity. It consists of hiking, rock climbing, and crisscrossing slopes covered with ice and snow. Mountain climbing is inherently a challenging sport. It can be quite perilous if climbers are not proficient. Climbers test their endurance & skill as they learn to deal with hazardous conditions and tough terrain.
For Climbers it is a soulful moment as they experience the magnificence of nature. The desire to “conquer” high peaks has made mountain climbers to develop the tools and techniques that made it possible to climb the world’s highest point, the summit of Mount Everest, 29,035 feet (8,850 meters) above sea level. Indian Mountaineering happens across the Himalayas right from Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges spanning across the Namcha Barwa in the east up till the territorial limits of Afghanistan in the west. Political maps depict them as parts of India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan. A significant area of the Himalaya and an eastern segment of the Karakoram, are in India. Geographically speaking the Indian Himalaya entails Arunachal, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal, Jammu & Kashmir and Eastern Karakoram. The Garhwal is a mountainous zone right at the centre of the Indian Himalayas. For many years mountaineers have frequented and climbed this area. Not many peaks having 8000 metres are in India except the Kangchenjunga, but several of the peaks above 7000 m are there in India & some of them are still unclimbed.
Major mountaineering clubs regularly participate commercially in the sponsorship of major expeditions. Thus Mountaineers in India have ample scope to explore and conquer the mighty Mountains.